Carbon as a material is almost indispensable in our modern world. After all, it has long since been introduced
in everyday areas in addition to the well-known fields of application in aerospace and
motorsport: be it in vehicle construction, in sports, in prostheses or orthotics, in
earthquake-proof house construction or as a design object in your home.
Carbon, or rather a carbon fiber laminate, achieves in some areas characteristics that conjure a shine in the eyes of every designer.
In particular, it is about the tensile strength, which is up to nine times higher than common steel. As with other materials, it's the same: for almost every task there are special fibers and synthetic resin systems available.
Through the intelligent use of fiber reinforcements, core layers and other supporting materials as well as their targeted orientation, the desired mechanical properties can be precisely determined.
|Material||Modulus of elasticity||Tensile strength|
|Spruce||10 GPa||80 MPa|
|Maple||12 GPa||82 MPa|
|Steel (S235JR, formerly St37)||215 GPa||340-470 MPa|
|HT carbon fiber laminate
e.g. Toray T300 (typ. 60% fibre volume content)
|135 GPa||1860 MPa|
|HM carbon fiber laminate
e.g. Toray M60J (typ. 60% fibre volume content)
|365 GPa||2010 MPa|
|HS carbon fiber laminate
e.g. Toray T1000G (typ. 60% fibre volume content)
|165 GPa||3040 MPa|